Gardner, Hall


Hall Gardner is professor and chair of the Department of International Affairs and Politics at the American University of Paris. He completed both his M.A. (1982) and PhD. (1987) at the Johns Hopkins Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He taught at the Johns Hopkins-SAIS-Nanjing University Center for Chinese and American Studies (1988-89) and at Johns Hopkins SAIS-Washington (1989-90) before coming to the American University of Paris in 1990.


For the past decade he has been writing and working on NATO-related and transatlantic security issues as a member of the Committee on Atlantic Studies. He is on the Advisory Board of the Cicero Foundation (Paris/ Maastricht), which holds conferences on NATO and EU-related issues. His publications include, Dangerous Crossroads: Europe, Russia and the Future of NATO (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997); Surviving the Millennium: American Global Strategy, the Collapse of the Soviet Empire, and the Question of Peace (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994). He is editor of, and contributor to, NATO and the European Union: New World, New Europe, New Threats (Ashgate, 2004); The New Transatlantic Agenda: Facing the Challenges of Global Governance (London: Ashgate, September 2001); and Central and Southeastern Europe in Transition: Perspectives on Success and Failure (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2000)


He spoke at the NATO 50th Anniversary Academic Conference held in Brussels and Bonn in May 1999 and at the Atlantic Council conference held in Slovenia in October 2001. He organized (and spoke at) the conference NATO and the European Union: New World, New Europe, New Threats held at the French Senate in December 2001. He was invited to speak on the topic “Transcending the New Global Disequilibrium” by Mikhail Gorbachev at the World Political Forum (founded by Mikhail Gorbachev, Bill Clinton and the former president of Brazil, Fernando Henrique Cardoso) held in Torino Italy, in October 2003. Excerpts from his speech appear in The World Political Forum Agenda 2003. He organized the Second Annual Presidential Conference of the American University of Paris, held at UNESCO, May 26, 2004, and spoke on the topic, “From the Egyptian Crisis of 1882 to Iraq of 2003: Alliance Ramification of the British and American Bids for World Hegemony.”


His publications include “NATO Enlargement and Geostrategic History: Alliances and the Question of War and Peace,” which appeared in NATO for a New Century, edited by Carl Hodge (Praeger, 2002); "NATO and the UN" published in A History of NATO, ed. Gustav Schmidt (Palgrave, 2001) and “Aligning for the Future” Harvard International Review (Winter 2003).


He is also an internationally published poet. Many of his poems have been published in numerous small press publications, such as the Peace or Perish Crisis Anthology.



Dr. Dipanjan MITRA


Please click:   

                          Dipanjan Mitra.pdf




PESCH, Ludwig



Ludwig Pesch (b.1955) is a musician, musicologist and teacher having specialized in Carnatic music.


Ludwig Pesch taught music and performed with improvisation ensembles while studying music and musicology at the Government Music College and University Freiburg (Germany).

For 15 years, he was a pupil of the late Ramachandra Shastry, musical heir to the great traditions of Tyagaraja and Sarabha Sastrigal.

A scholar under the Indo-German Cultural Exchange Programme and the German Academic Exchange Service, he completed his Diploma Course (five years) in Carnatic Music (First Class) at Kalakshetra. He is the co-founder of a major music documentation centre and archive in Chennai, Sampradaya.

For many years, he performed alongside his guru. While receiving advanced training as a Carnatic flautist in the Post-Diploma Course for two years at Kalakshetra, he also had numerous opportunities to give solo-concerts of his own. Since then, he has performed all over
South India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka).

He was featured by the Goethe-Institutes of the subcontinent during a concert- and lecture tour of
South India and Sri Lanka in February (1995).

Several universities, music colleges, and Indian music circles across the
United States and different parts of Europe have welcomed his guest lectures and concerts.

As a guest lecturer, he has worked with professional musicians, students and young children. He has also introduced Carnatic music in the context of special education and rehabilitation projects in

For several years he has performed and taught together with South Indian percussion virtuoso, T.R. Sundaresan. Together, they and Dr. Pia Srinivasan have conducted workshops for Carnatic music in
Germany and other European countries.




Decorated with the Cross of the Order of Merit on the Ribbon of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesverdienstkreuz am Bande, 2000; press release of the German Consulate General in Chennai; online-report).

Recipient of the 6th Rabindranath Tagore Cultural Award (Kulturpreis) of the Indo-German Society (Deutsch-Indische Gesellschaft): "Conferred on Ludwig Pesch in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the spread of knowledge about
India's spirit and life." (On the occasion of the DIG's 50th anniversary celebration in Stuttgart on 25.10.2003.)


His online-courses "The Music of South India" and "Musik und Künste im südlichen Indien" have been acclaimed by performers, teachers, students and lovers of Indian music in three continents as (excerpts from comments) "revolutionizing the way music education could be delivered, down to practical lessons", "extremely enlightening in the content and method", "great fun for those of us who have not taken lessons in Carnatic music", and "a fantastic resource".


The Illustrated Companion to South Indian Classical Music

Major Indian and international reviews | excerpts acrobat printversion (pdf)

·  SRUTI Magazine

·  THE HINDU Literary Review

·  FRONTLINE Magazine

·  KALKI (Tamil weekly)



· (2002)

·  The Hindu (online edition)


Delightfully produced - a clear exposition of all the facets of Carnatic music ... practical and up-to-date ... The whole chapter captioned ‘Types of Ragas’ is a delight ... very well prepared and informative sections on composers of South India and biographical notes on musicians and music scholars ...  The figures, plates, tables and the staves are all excellent … The glossary-cum-index is a source of information in itself. S. Rajam's art work adds to the beauty of a very well got up book ... this is a ‘Companion’ in every sense of the term to all lovers of Carnatic music.”

- SRUTI Magazine (Indian classical music and dance magazine), Madras, June 1999

"extremely valuable for both newcomers and somebody who has knowledge in this art form." Reviewer: Prema Bhat from Atlanta, Ga, U.S.A | "very rewarding" Reviewer: Rahul Siddharthan from Paris France

- Customer Reviews (2001) on
The full reviews from the internet |

 SOMETHING TO SING ABOUT - a most informative, thorough, and scientifically accurate companion to our classical music ... easily understood ... should figure in the library of every rasika [music lover].”

 - THE HINDU, Literary Review, Sunday, February 7, 1999
The full review from the internet as
acrobat printversion (pdf)

A CONTRIBUTION TO CARNATIC MUSIC - lucid style ... fine sensitivity to subtleties ... covers all major and many minor aspects of these twin concepts that lie at the heart of Indian music [raga and tala]. ... useful to the layperson ... well-researched ... more than a reference book. ... The chapter on voice ... could benefit a contemporary Carnatic musician.”

- FRONTLINE Magazine, Vol. 16, No. 06, March 13 - 26, 1999
The full review from the internet as
acrobat printversion (pdf)

"a good reference book mainly for non-Indian research scholars and students who are familiar with Western classical music. Indian music terminologies in Indian languages are explained precisely in English
and the staff notation is used for the musical passages which are more useful for those who cannot read sargam notation and not exposed to the terms used in Carnatic music."

The Journal of the Music Academy, Madras (Chennai),
Vol. LXX 1999
The full review as acrobat printversion (pdf)

"a welcome and timely addition to English-language works on this subject ... Throughout, Pesch's deep engagement with his subject is clear and has its roots in practical experience, since he is a performer of Carnatic music as well as a scholar of it. ... engaging, informative and authoritative. ... Pesch's book is fascinating and highly readable throughout. ... certainly a valuable and reliable work of reference for students and scholars of Indian music."

Music and Letters Quarterly Vol. 81, Number 4, November 2000
The full review as acrobat printversion (pdf)

"Certainly the best of all the many general surveys of the music of southern India." (2002)
The full review

"one of the most useful books on Carnatic music"

The Hindu (online edition)
more here


The Illustrated Companion to South Indian Classical Music with T.R. Sundaresan as co-author of the sections on rhythm and percussion (Oxford University Press, 1999)  (See comments listed hereunder.)
[Other publications: Eloquent Percussion, Ragadhana, Vom Klang des Gluecks, Sittrarangam: A Theatre for All (The Small Theatre Madras)] (comments and criticism are equally welcome)











Literary publications in English include Short Stories in Silverfish New Writing 4 launched at KL International Literary Festival, 30 July 2004, Collateral Damage : A Silverfish Collection of Short Stories, 2004, Petals of Hibiscus, A Representative Anthology of Malaysian Literature in English, 2003, Silverfish New Writing 2 Anthology of Stories from Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Africa, Silverfishbooks 2002, The Merlion and the Hibiscus Contemporary Short Stories from Singapore and Malaysia Penguin 2002, Short story published as Editor’s first choice from 1,450 international entries in Asylum 1928 and Other Stories Fish anthology of international short stories, Ireland, July 2001. Poems in Imbauan PPDKL (Glimpses) World Poetry Reading KL 2004,  In-Sights Malaysian Poems 2003, Antologi, Poetry in our Lives Today, Kuala Lumpur World Poetry Reading 2002.  Co-editor Anthology of Malaysian Poetry in English with Malay translations. Poems and short stories in anthologies/literary journals including, Howard Sergeant, New Voices of The Commonwealth, (London) with Nobel Prizewinners, Derek Walcott, Wole Soyinka and Seamus Heaney. DJ Enright, Focus, Robert Yeo, Ripples (Singapore), with R K Narayan and Ray Bradbury, ISIS and Balliol College Annual Record (Oxford), in Universities (Harvard, Malaya, Oxford and Singapore) and poems, short stories in Malay in Dewan Sastera and Dewan Budaya national literary and cultural journals.


Literary prizes include: Gertrude Hartley Memorial Prize for Poetry Balliol College, Oxford University and Second prize, Short Story Competition, judged by novelist Iris Murdoch and John Bayley, Prof of Literature, Oxford University and sponsored by ISIS, Oxford University and The Observer, Dan O’Connell Poetry Competition, Melbourne, Australia, January 2000 and Radio Malaysia Short Story and University of Malaya Playwriting Competitions.


Reviews: Short stories received favourable reviews from the Far Eastern Economic Review (Hong Kong), The Hindu (India), The Statesman (India), the Edge, the New Straits Times, Kaki Seni. Peter Carey, twice winner of the coveted Booker Prize and Commonwealth Writer’s Prize, acknowledged Shan’s draft Memoir in his My Life As A Fake and wrote that he hugely enjoyed Victoria and her Kimono and the humour in Shan’s other stories.


 Articles: Malaysian Culture Group, Newsletter March 2004.


Talks and readings of  short stories and poems at Voice and Place: Writers’ Forum, The Substation Guiness Theatre, Singapore, 5 September 2004, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National Univ. Malaysia), Bangi, Garden International School, Kuala Lumpur, Literary Gathering International Women’s Assoc. Reading Group, Pukka Prose Editorial Services, Penang, Symposium Singapore- Malaysian Literature, Univ. Putra Malaysia, Silverfish Book Launch, K.L., Poetry Class, Singapore Management University (SMU), Malaysian Culture Group, International Islamic University, MCG Book Club, KL and Litfest Universiti Keb.Malaysia, Bangi, Singapore Management University, Borders Bookstore Singapore, Kinokuniya Bookstore, MPH Megamall Mid Valley, KL, MPH Subang Parade, Selangor, Kinokuniya Bookstores K.L., World Poetry Reading K.L. at Planetarium, at Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Malaysian Language and Literary Board) and at Universiti Malaya, KL.


 Latest interview: Le Prestige, June, 2003.


On Board of Selectors, Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford University (1993-2000). Participant and read own work, 26th Cambridge Seminar on the contemporary British writer, Cambridge University, U.K., July 2000. Participating British writers included Doris Lessing, Muriel Spark, David Lodge, Malcolm Bradbury, Homi Bhaba, Wendy Cope, Ian McEwan, Rose Tremain and Helen Dunmore. Invited to serve on Panel of Judges for Fiction and Non-fiction in English, National Book Award, 2004. Invited as Session Chairperson, Commonwealth Writers’ Seminar in September 1998. Member National Committee of Writers. Participant, poetry and prose readings in Kuala Lumpur , Melbourne, in Cambridge and Oxford Universities. Adviser, Dewan Sastera, Dewan Budaya and TV3. Host and interviewer, TV live talk show on international and current affairs, film critic Radio Television Malaysia and trustee National Art Gallery. Quoted directly in TIME magazine cover story on Prime Minister of Malaysia, December 1996.





D.Phil in Economics and Government, Balliol College, Oxford University, U.K. (with three prizes). M.A.Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. U.S.A.  (First in class with As in all eight subjects, best grade average for several years past and offered admission to PhD programme without formal application). Sole graduate representative of the  Third World in meetings with President, Harvard University. Fellow, Economic Development Institute, World Bank Washington DC. USA. B.A. (Honours) University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (triple distinctions). First in Malaysia in national pre-university entrance examination. Founder president University of Malaya Debating Union.



Managing Director, Trilogic Sdn Bhd, an investment holding company. Also Director, EON Bhd and Chairman, Remuneration Committee, of Delloyd Ventures Bhd, of PBA Holdings Bhd, of Mamee-Double Decker (M) Bhd all listed on KLSE Main Board, of CIMB (Commerce International Merchant Bankers) (L) Ltd, of CIMB Discount House Ltd, of MIDF Aberdeen Asset Management Sdn Bhd.  On Committee of Malaysian Administrative and Diplomatic Service Alumni Association, international/national advisory panels to Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute (ASLI), Malaysian Institute of Economic Research (MIER), and on Board of VIOBA Foundation. Served the Treasury, Ministry of Finance (1962 to 1978) last post Dep. Secretary (Econ) and PETRONAS, the national petroleum corporation (1979 to 1991) last post General Manager. Director, Malaysian International Merchant Bankers (MIMB, a subsidiary of MIDF and associate of Barclays Bank Group, UK [1992-2000]).


On invitation by Harvard University, helped in the design of a new Executive Program for Leaders in Development: Managing Economic and Political Reform developed jointly by Kennedy School of Government and Harvard Institute for International Development, Harvard University, Oct/Nov 1995 Cambridge, Mass, USA. Rep. Malaysia at U.N. special session led by Prime Minister Malaysia in New York, annual meetings World Bank, IMF, Board of Governors in Washington DC and Commonwealth Finance Ministers in London led by Finance Minister Malaysia and at OPEC Ministerial conferences in Geneva. Was Session Chairperson and Lead Speaker at Pacific Economic Cooperation Conferences (PECC) on Energy Policy, Petrochemicals etc in Canberra, Jakarta, Seoul, Tokyo and Vancouver.  Led preparation of first-ever annual Economic Report of the Government to Parliament and initiated the social economic indicators on the Quality of life in Malaysia in the Economic Report. Chapter on Malaysia in Lasswell (Yale), Lerner (MIT) and Montgomery (Harvard) Values and Development: Appraising Asian Experience (MIT Press, Camb, Mass, USA.)  as sole author and Memorandum to the Pearson Commission as co-author.


Dato’ Dr M SHANmughalingam, E-mail: ;







                                    [S. SHAN RATNAM]


DATE & PLACE OF BIRTH               :     4 July 1928, Ceylon


CITIZENSHIP                                 :     Singapore Citizen


ADDRESS                                     :     Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

National University of Singapore

National University Hospital

Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074







MBBS (Hons)                  Ceylon                                                         1957

MRCOG                          Great Britain                                                1964

FRCS                             Edinburgh (Obst & Gynae)                             1964

FRCS                             Glasgow (General Surgery)                           1964

FRCS                             England (General Surgery)                            1966

Certificate in Exfoliative Cytology,

  London Postgraduate School of Obst & Gynae                                    1964

MD                                University of Singapore                                 1970

FRCOG                           England                                                       1972

FACS                             USA                                                            1972

FICS                              USA                                                            1972

FRACS                           Australia                                                      1977

FRACOG (Hon)                Australia                                                      1983

FWACS (Hon)                 West Africa                                                  1987

FACOG (Hon)                  USA                                                            1988

FJSOG (Hon)                  Japan                                                          1990

FSLCOG (Hon)                Sri Lanka                                                     1992

DSc (Hon)                      University of Colombo,Sri Lanka                     1993

FPOGS (Hon)                  Philippines                                                   1993

FCPSP (Hon)                  Pakistan                                                      1996

FICOG (Hon)                   India                                                           1996

Emeritus Professor          National University of Singapore                     1996

MD (Hon)                       France                                                        1997





Aug 1995 to               Professorial               -     Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

                 July 2000                     Fellow                           National University of Singapore



                 1969 to                     Chairman                  -     Committee for Obstetrics & Gynaecology,

July 2000                                                         Graduate School of Medical Studies

                                                                                       (formerly School of Postgraduate Medical Studies)

National University of Singapore


                 1970 to                     Chief Examiner          -     Postgraduate Examination in Obstetrics &

                 July 2000                                                         Gynaecology, Master of Medicine (Obst &

Gynae), National University of Singapore








1988 to 1999             Director                     -     Graduate School of Medical Studies

                                                                      (formerly School of Postgraduate Medical Studies)

National University of Singapore


Director                                                     -     WHO Collaborating Centre for Research in

Human Reproduction, Singapore


Director                                                     -     WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal &

Child Health/Family Planning Service

Research & Training, Singapore


Member                                                    -     National Medical Research Committee,

                                                                                       Ministry of Health, Singapore


Member                                                    -     Medical Faculty Research Committee

National University of Singapore


Member                                                    -     Advisory Committee, National University                                                 Medical Institutes (NUMI)


Member                                                    -     National Family Planning & Population

Board, Ministry of Health, Singapore


Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist       -     Ministry of Health, Singapore


Member                                                    -     Advertisement Advisory Committee

Ministry of Health, Singapore


Member                                                    -     Family Planning Medical Advisory

Committee, Ministry of Health, Singapore


Member                                                    -     Medical Clinical Research Committee

Ministry of Health, Singapore


Member                                                    -     Quality Assurance Committee, National

University Hospital


Member                                                    -     Advisory Committee on Human Fertilization                                             & Embryology, Ministry of Health, Singapore


Chairman                                                  -     Clinical Manpower Budget Committee

National University Hospital


Member                                                    -     Professional Conduct & Inquiry

Subcommittee, National University Hospital


Chairman                                                  -     Committee on Subspeciality Development

National University Hospital


External Assessor                                       -     Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

                                                                                       Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya


Member                                                    -     Obstetrics & Gynaecology Training

Committee, Ministry of Health, Singapore


                Member                                                     -     Specialty Accreditation Board

                                                                                       Ministry of Health


                 Visiting Specialist                                       -     School Health Service, Ministry of Health                                                 Singapore


                 Non-Resident Fellow                                   -     King Edward VII Hall, National University of                                             Singapore







4.1            LOCAL


 Since 1985        President Emeritus       -    Singapore Planned Parenthood Association

  (voluntary organisation)


4.2            REGIONAL


Since 1993         Editorial Advisor          -    Regional Editorial Board for MIMS Asia Drug



                 Since July          President-Elect            -    Asia & Oceania Federation of Obstetrics &

                   2000                                                     Gynaecology




4.3            INTERNATIONAL


since 1971         Member                      -    Editorial Board, International Journal of

Obstetrics & Gynaecology


  "   1988           Member                      -    Editorial Board, International Journal of

Prenatal and Perinatal Studies


  "   1989           Member                      -    International Editorial Board, Israel Journal of

Obstetrics and Gynaecology


  "   1992           Member                      -    Technical Advisory Panel, Mother & Child

International (MCI)


  "   1993           Member                      -    Editorial Board of the Journal of the American

Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists


  "   1993           Member                      -    Expert Advisory Panel on Maternal & Child

Health, World Health Organisation


  "   1993           Member                      -    The International Advisors Committee, American

Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists



                   "   1995          Member                      -   Editorial Board, Gynaecology Forum

                                                                               Medical Forum International


                   "   1998          Editor                          -   Obstetrics & Gynaecology Communications Journal









5.1            LOCAL


1969 - 1972         President                -    Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society of

1977 - 1978         President                     Singapore

1979 - 1993         Council Member


1971 - 1983         Member                  -    Board of Trustees, Congress Trust Fund of the

1983 - Jan 01       Secretary/Treasurer     Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society of Singapore 


1969 - 1971         Chairman                -    Chapter of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists, Academy of Medicine, Singapore


1972 - 1982         President                -    Family Planning Association of Singapore

1983 - 1984         Council Member            (voluntary organisation)



5.2            REGIONAL


1968 - 1979         Chairman                -    Journal Committee of the Asian Federation of

Obstetrics & Gynaecology


1968 - 1979         Editor                     -    Journal of the Asian Federation of Obstetrics &



1976 - 1979         Member                  -    Advisory Committee on Medical Research to

Director, WHO Western Pacific Region


1977 - 1982         Member                  -    Regional Council of East, South East Asia &

Oceania Region, International Planned Parenthood

Federation (IPPF)


1984 - 1986         President                -    Federation of Asia & Oceania Perinatal Societies


1985 - 1992         President                -    Masean Chapter of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists


1979 - July 00      Secretary-General   -    Asia & Oceania Federation of Obstetrics & Gynaecology


5.3            INTERNATIONAL


1969 - 1982         Member                  -    Executive Board, International Federation of

Obstetrics & Gynaecology (FIGO)


1975 - 1977         Member                  -    Management & Planning Committee, International

Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)


1976 - 1977         Member                  -    WHO Task Force on Methods for the Regulation

of Ovum Transport Section - Tubal Occlusions


1976 - 1978         Member                  -    WHO Steering Committee of the Task Force on

Methods for the Regulation of Sperm Migration


1976 - 1979         Member                  -    WHO Task Force for Health Services Research



1976 - 1985         Chairman                -    Committee on Qualifications (FIGO)


1977                   Member                  -    WHO Task Force on Methods for the Regulation

of Implantation: Intrauterine Medication Section

1977                   Member                  -    WHO Steering Committee of the Task Force on

Oral Hormonal Contraceptives


1977 - 1979         Member                  -    WHO Steering Committee of the Task Force on                                                              Vaginal & Cervical Devices


1977 - 1980         Member                  -    Central Council, International Planned Parenthood

Federation (IPPF)


1978 - 1982         Member                  -    WHO Steering Committee of the Task Force on

Sequelae of Abortion


1978 - 1984         Member                  -    WHO Steering Committee on Institutional



1980 - 1986         Member                  -    Programme Committee (representing IMAP),

International Planned Parenthood Federation


1982 - 1985         President-Elect        -    International Federation of Gynaecology &

Obstetrics (FIGO)


1985 - 1988         President                -    International Federation of Gynaecology & Obstetrics (FIGO)


                 1980 - 1992         Member                  -    International Medical Advisory Panel (IMAP),

International Planned Parenthood Federation


1982 - 1991         Representative        -    International Association for Maternal and

(Asia & Oceania)          Neonatal Health (IAMANEH)


1986 - 1993         Member                  -    Scientific Technical Advisory Group (STAG) of

the World Health Organisation


1988 - 1993         Member                  -    Technical Advisory Group (Safe Motherhood

Initiative) of the World Health Organisation


1992 - 1993         Chairman                -    Policy & Co-ordinating Committee of World Health



1991 - 1993         Member                  -    International Advisory Committee, International

Congress of Gynaecologic Endoscopy


1991 - 1994         President                -    International Association of Supporters of FIGO



1991 - 1994         Chairman                -    Scientific Programme Committee of FIGO



1984 - 1990         Director                  -    Society for the Advancement of Contraception


1994 - 2000         Member                  -    Editorial Board of HUMAN REPRODUCTION




6.1            LOCAL


since 1958           Singapore Medical Association

  "   1964             Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society of Singapore

  "   1967             Academy of Medicine, Singapore

  "   1971             Singapore Planned Parenthood Federation

  (formerly Singapore Family Planning Association)



6.2            OVERSEAS


since 1963           Royal Society of Medicine, United Kingdom

  "     1968           British Medical Association

  "     1968           Asia & Oceania Federation of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

  (formerly Asian Federation of Obstetrics & Gynaecology)

  "    1969            International Federation of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

  "    1982            Federation of Asia & Oceania Perinatal Societies

  "    1991            International Association of Supporters of FIGO (SOFIGO)



7               AWARDS


1977       The Public Administration Medal (Gold), National Day Awards

1978               The "Friend of Labour" Medal, Singapore National Trades Union Congress

1979               Honorary Member of the Societas Gynaecologica Et Obstetricia Italica

1982       Sims Black Travelling Professorship, Royal College of Obstetricians &            Gynaecologists, United Kingdom

1983       Honorary Fellowship, Royal Australian College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1985       The Public Service Star, National Day Awards

1987               Honorary Fellowship, West African College of Surgeons

1988               Honorary Member, Udruzenje Ginekologa I Opstetricara Jugoslavije (UGOJ)

1988       Honorary Fellowship, American College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1988       National Science & Technology Award, Singapore Science Council

1989       Honorary Member of the Korean Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1990       Honorary Fellowship of the Japan Society of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

1991       ASEAN Award for Contributions to Reproductive Medicine

1992       Honorary Member of the Israel Society of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

1992       Honorary Fellowship of the Sri Lanka College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1993       Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa), University of Colombo, Sri Lanka

1993       Honorary Fellow of the Philippines Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society

1994               Visiting Professor of the South African Representative Committee of the Royal           College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1996       Honorary Fellow of the College of Physicians & Surgeons, Pakistan

1996               Honorary Fellow of the Indian College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

1996       Emeritus Professor, National University of Singapore

1997               Doctor Honoris Causa, University of d’Auvergnes Clermont-Ferrand, France



8               EMPLOYMENT


Sep 1957 - Feb 1958       House Officer                       Medicine, Prof G A Ransome's Unit

Singapore General Hospital, Ministry                             of Health


Feb 1958 - Aug 1958       House Officer                       Orthopaedic Surgery, Prof Karlen's                               Unit, Singapore General Hospital,                                                                  Ministry of Health


Aug 1958 - Jul 1959         Medical Officer                     Casualty & Outpatient Dept, Singapore

General Hospital, Ministry of Health


Jul 1959 - Mar 1961         Trainee Medical Officer         General Surgery, Mr Y Cohen's Unit

Singapore General Hospital, Ministry                             of Health


Mar 1961 - Jun 1963        Trainee Medical Officer         Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University                            Unit, Kandang Kerbau Hospital,                                                                                 Ministry of Health


Jun 1963 - Jun 1968         Lecturer                              Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

University of Singapore


Jun 1968 - Dec 1969        Senior Lecturer                    Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

University of Singapore


May 1969 - Dec 1969       Senior Lecturer &                 Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

  Acting Head                       University of Singapore


Jan 1970 - Jul 1970          Professor & Acting Head       Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

University of Singapore


Aug 1970 - Dec 1978       Professor & Head                 Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

University of Singapore



Jan 1979 - Jul 1995          Senior Professor & Head       Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

National University of Singapore


Aug 1995 - Jul 2000         Professorial Fellow               Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

National University of Singapore



9               LANGUAGES (besides English)


Tamil  -  Fluent

Malay  -  Good







·         Gynaecological endocrinology, including subfertility and induction of ovulation


·         Gynaecological oncology with special reference to trophoblastic and ovarian disease


·         Transsexualism - surgery of male and female transsexuals


·         Care of the elderly woman



10.2           PUBLICATIONS


International                                                     -            596

Local/Regional Refereed Journals                       -            396

Non-Refereed Journals                                      -            14

Conference Papers                                            -            795

Papers for Seminar/Public Talk/Lecture               -            21

Books/Monographs                                            -            6

Editorial Work on Books                                     -            15

Editorial Work on Journals                                  -            1

Chapters in Books                                             -            138

Theses/Dissertations                                         -            1

Others                                                             -            14





        Born in Kuala Krai, Malaysia. Up to his twenty-first year grew up in Singapore, Port Swettenham, Klang, Sungei Rengam, Kuala Lumpur, Madras and Seremban; then in London, Heidelberg, West Berlin, Madrid and Paris. Served as Research Fellow with the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), from 1973 to 1998. Lectured for the Commonwealth Institute, London, on South and Southeast Asia and taught courses in English, American, and Commonwealth literatures at the European Division of the University of Maryland and at the Sorbonne. At the moment, Professor of South Asian Area Studies, American Graduate School of International Relations & Diplomacy, Paris, France

       Was a journalist with the Malay Mail & Malayan Times (Kuala Lumpur), and the Straits Times Press Group of Singapore (London Correspondent).


        Education: He had four years of schooling at Batu Road School and the Victoria Institution in Kuala Lumpur. Inns of Court School of Law, London; Universities of Heidelberg and West Berlin (philosophy); Hispanic Studies in Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid , and Instituto de la Cultura Hispanica, Madrid and at the Université de Paris-VIII (Maitrise d’Enseignement d’Espagnol); obtained his higher doctoral degree in aesthetics from the Université de Paris-I-Panthéon-Sorbonne (Doctorat d’Etat ès lettres et sciences humaines). Distinctions in both the master’s and doctoral degrees. Won the Extraordinary Prize in Hispanic Studies at Madrid University.

       Publications include: Tracks of a Tramp: A first collection of poems. (1961); Bunga Emas: An Anthology of Contemporary Malaysian Literature: 1930-63. Ed. (1964); Etude comparée des littératures nationales et/ou officielles de la Malaisie et de Singapour depuis 1940, 3 vols. (1988); Fire Readings: A Collection of Writings from the Shakespeare & Company Fire Benefit Readings, Co-ed. (1991); [For collections of poems, short-long stories, vignettes, essays, critiques, and novels, See: ] Special Millennium 2000 Issue of the Journal of the Institute of Asian Studies (Chennai, India: Institute of Asian Studies), March 2000: Guest Editor; Journal of Comparative Poietics/Revue de Poïétique Comparée (Founder editor:1989-). Contributed over a hundred articles and/or fictional pieces to a wide variety of popular and learned journals, and books, such as, The Journal of Commonwealth Literature (Leeds University), Asia:A Handbook (London), The Journal of the Institute of Asian Studies: Special 2000 Number-March 2000 (IAS, Chennai, India), Buddhism in Tamil Nadu (IAS, India), International Institute of Asian Studies Newsletter (Leiden), Journal of Asian Studies (USA), Komparatistische Hefte (Bayreuth University), Yearbook of ASNLE (Essen University), Journal of Eelam Studies (London), Lanka: Studies in Lankan Culture (Uppsala University), Radical Poetics (London), Forum Academicum (Heidelberg University), Discus (Frankfurt University), Fire Readings (Paris-Boston), The Gombak Review (IIUM University, Kuala Lumpur), Malayan Times(Kuala Lumpur), Le Canard Laqué (Institute of Political Science, Paris), (Victoria Institution literary archives), Editor of the on-line journal: The Asianists’ Asia and so forth. Check the Bibliothèque Nationale de France for other works.

See  for Collections of poems, articles, short stories, vignettes, novels, etc.

         Editorial board member of Le Canard Laqué ( Association Asie-Extrême, Institute of Political Science, Paris: 1989-91); editorial advisor and guest editor of the Journal of the Institute of Asian Studies (Chennai, India: 1998- ), and Guidepost (Spain: 1967).       

        Association memberships: American Comparative Literature Association (1992>); (American) Association for Asian Studies (1991>); American Society for Aesthetics (2003).

        (Formerly)Royal Asiatic Society for Great Britain & Ireland (1964>); Koninklijk Instituut Voor Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde, Netherlands (1975>); European Association for Commonwealth Language and Literature Studies (1989>); Association for the Study of New Literatures in English, Germany (1991>); Center for Asian Studies-Asian Research Service, Hong Kong-Canada (1991>)


        Founder-Director: Research Centre for Comparative Poietics, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France (1988-1994);  Research Centre for Asian Studies, Paris, France (2000>).

        Languages: Tamil (mother tongue), Malay, English, Spanish, German, French, and some Chinese.

        A Stateless Person since 1969 (his only passport was confiscated by the British Embassy in Madrid in November 1967). Cf. Marquis’ Who’s Who in the World (1989-2005); Who’s Who in EACLALS (European Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies) 1995; The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature, 1970, and CD ROM Best-Europe.




Yoginder Singh Sikand


Curriculum Vitae

1. Name:   Yoginder Singh Sikand 

2. Date of Birth:  16-10-67 

3. Nationality:   Indian  

4. Permanent Address:

4304 Oakwood Apts. IV

8th Main, 1st Cross




5. Present Address:  

c/o International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World,

Rapenburg 71,

2311 GJ Leiden

The Netherlands

[Also:  Head, Centre for Studies on Indian Muslims,

          Hamdard University, New Delhi,


 6. E-Mail:  


7. Educational Qualifications:

B.A.(Hons.) (Economics), St.Stephen's College, Delhi University, 1985-88. 

M.A. (Sociology), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 1990-92 

M.Phil. (Sociology), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New     Delhi, 1992-94.

(Dissertation Topic: Charisma and Religious Revivalism: The Case of the Tablighi Jama'at  Among the Muslim Meos of Mewat). 

Ph.D. (History), Royal Holloway, University of London, 1995-98.

(Thesis Topic: ‘The Origins and Development of  the Tablighi Jama'at: A Cross-Country Comparative Study’).

Presently engaged as a post-doctoral research scholar at the International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World, Leiden, The Netherlands, working on a project on ‘Islamic Perspectives on Inter-Faith Relations in Contemporary India’.  

8. Work Experience:  

Worked with voluntary agencies involved in the field of education in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar (1988-90).

Taught Islamic History at the Henry Martyn Institute of Islamic Studies, Hyderabad, India (Jan.-July, 1995, December 1998-September 1999).

Worked on a research-cum-action project on religious traditions and communal harmony in India for Oxfam (1999-2000).

Currently edit a web-magazine, Qalandar, devoted to a discussion of issues related to Islam and Inter-Faith Relations in South Asia (  

9. Publications:

a] Books

1.                              The Origins and Development of the Tablighi Jama’at (1920-2000): A Cross-Country Comparative Study, Orient Longman, New Delhi, 2002.

2.                               Sacred Spaces: Exploring Traditions of Shared Faith in India, Penguin India, New Delhi, 2003. 

3.                               Muslims in India Since 1947: Islamic Perspectives on Inter-Faith Relations, RoutledgeCurzon, London, 2004)

4.                               Madrasas and Islamic Education in India (Penguin India, New Delhi, forthcoming, 2004).

b] Articles in Journals

1] ‘Women and the Tablighi Jama’at’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, vol.10, no.1, 1999.

2] ‘The Origins and Development of the Tablighi Jama’at in Britain’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, vol.9, no.2, 1998.

3] ‘For Islam and Kashmir: The Prison Diaries of Sayyed Ali Gilani of the   Jama’at-i Islami of Jammu and Kashmir’, Journal of Muslim Minority  Affairs, vol.18, no.2, 1998.

4] ‘The Fitna of Irtidad: Muslim Missionary Response to the Shuddhi of   the Arya Samaj in Early Twentieth Century India’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol.17, no.1, 1997.

5] ‘Indian Muslims and the Mass Media’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol.15, nos.1&2, 1994.

6] ‘The Tablighi Jama’at in Bangladesh’, South Asia, vol.22, no.1, 1999.

7] ‘Mass Conversions to Hinduism Among Indian Muslims’, Economic  and Political Weekly, August, 1994.

8] ‘Meonis of Mewat’, Economic and Political Weekly, March, 1995.

9] ‘The Devnarainkatha of the Gujjars of Rajasthan’, Man in India, vol.74, no.4, 1994.

10] ‘Shah Hussain of Lahore’, Bulletin of the Henry Martyn Institute of Islamic Studies, Jan.-June 1995.

11] ‘Modern Interpretation of the Concept of the Wali of God’, Bulletin of   the Henry Martyn Institute of Islamic Studies, July-Dec. 1996.

12] ‘Building Bridges Between Sikhs and Muslims: The Contribution of Khwaja Hasan Nizami’, Studies in Inter-Religious Dialogue, 9 [1999], 2.

13] The Role of the Kashmiri Sufis in the Promotion of Communal Harmony and Social Reform [14th-16th Centuries] (published as a booklet by the Centre for the Study of Society and Secularism, Mumbai, 1999).

14] ‘Popular Beliefs and the Dialogue of Everyday Life: Inter-Religious Interaction at the Sufi Shrines of Jammu’, Studies in Inter-Religious Dialogue, vol.10, no.2, 2000.

15] ‘Changing Course of Kashmiri Struggle: From National Liberation to Islamist Jihad?’, Economic and Political Weekly, vol. xxxvi, no.3, January 20-26, 2001.

16] ‘The Ayodhya of the South?: The Baba Budhan Giri Dargah Controversy’, Journal of the Henry Martyn Institute, 18:2, 1999.

17] ‘Ritual and Popular Piety at the 'Urs of a Qalandar Dargah in South India’, Journal of the Henry Martyn Institute, 19:1, 2000.

18] ‘Between Dialogue and Conflict: The Origins and Development of the Deendar Anjuman’, in The Muslim World, vol. 92, Fall 2002, pp. 223-54.

19] ‘Another Ayodhya in the Making? The Baba Budhangiri Dargah Controversy in South India’, in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 20, no. 2, 2000, pp. 211-227.

20] ‘Hazrat Bulbul Shah: The First Known Muslim Missionary in Kashmir’, in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 20, no. 2, 2000, pp. 36-67.

21] ‘The Tablighi Jama’at in Post-1947 Mewat’, in The Eastern Anthropologist, no. 53, vol. 3-4, 2000, pp. 341-350.

22] ‘Minority Predicament: Reflections on the Contributions of Sayyid Abul Hasan ‘Ali Nadwi’, Encounters, 7:1, 2001, pp.3-28.

23] ‘Islamic Mission and Inter-Religious Dialogue in a Minority Context: The Jama’at-i-Islami of India’, Islam and Christian Muslim Relations, vo.13, no.1, 2002, pp. 49-64.

24]. ‘A New Indian Muslim Agenda: The Dalit Muslims and the All-India Backward Muslim Morcha’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol.21. no.2, 2001, pp. 287-96.

25] ‘Hindu-Muslim Syncretic Shrines of Karnataka’, Indian Journal of Secularism, vol. 6, no. 1, April-June 2002, pp.63-97.

26] ‘Islamic Perspectives on Liberation and Dialogue in Contemporary India: A Case Study of Muslim Writings in Dalit Voice, Studies in Inter-Religious Dialogue, vol. 12, no.1, 2002, pp. 75-97.

27] ‘Islam and the Dalit Quest for Liberation in Contemporary India’, Encounters, vol. 8, no.1, 2002, pp. 43-60.

28] ‘The Changing Nature of Shared Hindu-Muslim Shrines in Contemporary Karnataka, South India’, South Asia, vol.xxv, no.1, April 2002, pp. 49-68.

29] ‘ “Now or Never!”: Inter-Faith Dialogue and the Recovery of ‘True’ Hinduism as Seen in the Writings of Acharya Maulana Shams Naved Usmani’, Islamic Studies, 41:2, 2002, pp.295-317.

30] ‘The Emergence and development of the Jama’at-i Islami of Jammu and Kashmir (1940s-1990), Modern Asian Studies, 36, 3, 2002, pp. 705-751.

31]‘Shi‘ism in Contemporary India: The Badri-Vakili Controversy Among Indian Isma‘ilis’, The Muslim World, vol.93, January, 2003, pp.99-115.

32] ‘Peace, Dialogue and Da‘wa: An Analysis of the Writings of Maulana Wahiduddin Khan’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, vol.14, no.1, 2003, pp.33-49. 

33] ‘Muslim Madrasas in Contemporary South Asia’, Journal of the Henry Martyn Institute, vol.22, no.1, Jan-June 2003, pp.49-79.

34] ‘The Role of the Media: Islamic Voice’s Agenda for the Muslims of India’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 23, no.1, April 2003, pp.183-94.

35] ‘Kashmir: Civil Society Initiatives and Peace—Role of Religion and Religious Activists’, Economic and Political Weekly, vol.xxxix, no.4, 24-30 January, 2004.


c] Articles in Collected Volumes

1]. ‘The Emergence of the Tablighi Jamaat among the Meos of Mewat’, in  Noor Mohammad (ed.) Indian Muslims : Precepts and Practices, Rawat, New Delhi, 1999. 

2] ‘The Jama’at-i-Islami of Jammu and Kashmir’, in Paul R. Brass and Achin Vinaik (eds.) Competing Nationalisms in South Asia, pp.272-86.

3] ‘The Role of Women in Kashmiri Rishism’, in Urvashi Butalia (ed.) Speaking Peace: Women’s Voices From Kashmir, Kali For Women, New Delhi, 2001, pp. 42-55.

4] ‘Arya Shuddhi and Muslim Tabligh: Muslim Reactions to Arya Samaj Proselytization (1923-30)’, in Rowena Robinson and Sathianathan Clarke (eds.) Religious Conversion in India: Modes, Motivations and Meanings, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2003, pp. 98-118.

5] ‘Shared Hindu-Muslim Shrines in Karnataka: Challenges to Liminality’, in Imtiaz Ahmad & Helmut Reifeld, Lived Islam in India: Adaptation, Accommodation and Conflict, Social Science Press, New Delhi, 2004, pp.166-86.


d] Other Articles

More than 250 other articles on various topics, including Muslim, Dalit and women's issues, religion, politics and culture in numerous South Asian periodicals and newspapers such as the Deccan Herald, The Pioneer, Himal, The Observer of Business and Politics, Sunday Observer, Milli Gazette, Mainstream, Manushi, Nation and the World, Islamic Voice, The Sunday Observer, The Voice of People Awakening, Frontier, The Tribune, Dalit Voice, Communalism Combat, the Daily Times, Jang, South Asia etc.. Also, several book reviews.

e]  I have published the following booklets/monographs on my own:

1.           The Muslim Rishis of Kashmir: Harbingers of Love and Justice. The Baba Budhan Giri Dargah Controversy.

2.           The Sufis of Jammu.

3.           Building Bridges of Harmony: A Speech By Maulana Anwar Shah Kashmiri.

4.           Religion and Dalit Liberation.

5.           Religion, Dialogue and Justice.

6.           Kashmiri Muslim Perspectives on Inter-Religious Dialogue.

7.           Hazrat Bulbul Shah: The First Muslim Sufi in Kashmir.

8.           Sufism and the Inter-Faith Encounter: The Contribution of Dara Shikoh.

9.           The Islamic Movement and the Political Challenge.

10.       Inter-Religious Dialogue and Liberation Theology.

July 2004


Text Box: Edited, Composed & Published in Paris, France

           By T. Wignesan
                      for Centre de Recherches sur les Etudes Asiatiques,
                             B. P. 90145,
                             94004 Créteil Cedex,
         On August 5, 2004 –December 25, 2004

         © T. Wignesan 2004

         ISSN 1298-0358
         Association n° 0941011951

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